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History of the Western United States -
[a constantly changing URL database with content relevant to elementary school curricula]
History of the Western United States - Dewey 978
Western US (Great Plains and Rocky Mountain States)
Kansas History (see: 917.81 geography)
Nebraska History (see: 917.82 geography)
South Dakota History (see: 917.83 geography)
- 1800 - The Great Sioux Nation (Oglala Sioux, Lakota) dominates the northern Plains which includes most of the Dakotas, northern Nebraska, eastern Wyoming, and southeastern Montana
- 1803 - When the United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France, settlers move westward and eventually cause the depletion of the buffalo, an animal central to the Lakota way of life of the Plains Indians.
- 1868-1869 - Red Cloud successfully closes off the Bozeman Trail which the Natives use as their traditional hunting grounds and the settlers want as a pass leading to the gold mines of Montana.
- 1868 - The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 establishes the Great Sioux Reservation which includes South Dakota west of the Missouri River and includes the Black Hills. The U.S. Government pledges to keep whites out of this territory. ( Fort Laramie)
- 1874 - When an expedition led by Lt. Col. George A. Custer discovers gold in the Black Hills, prospectors rush to the area. With more whites entering the area, the Native people must fight to defend their homes and way of life.
- On June 25, 1876 - Custer attacks a large Indian encampment. Later Sitting Bull, Gall, Crazy Horse, and several Cheyenne leaders defeat Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Big Horn causing the loss of all his men - - more than 200, in the battle.
- 1890 - After Sitting Bull is murdered on the Standing Rock Reservation, Big Foot and his Mnikowoju band flee to Pine Ridge to seek the protection of Red Cloud. More than 250 members of Big Foot's band are massacred by the 7th Cavalry on Dec. 29 at Wounded Knee. The event is often described as the last major conflict between the U.S. Army and the Great Sioux Nation. (see: 973.862)
North Dakota History (see: 917.84 geography)
Montana History (see: 917.86 geography)
Wyoming History (see: 917.87 geography)
Colorado History (see: 917.88 geography)
New Mexico History (see: 917.89 geography)
Educator is the recipient of the Miss Rumphius Award.
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Copyright © 1997 Marjorie Duby, practitioner formerly sited at Joseph Lee School, Boston, MA.
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Last modified: September 19, 2005.
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