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United States History

18th century - 1767-1791

Compliments of Inquiry Unlimited


Historical background of the times:
  • Timelines and chronologies:
    • end of "salutary neglect"
  • Valley Oak Elementary School - Rev. War with pictures and text

The American Revolution Era (1767-1791)

  • Personalities of 1767-1791
  • Timeline events:
    • 1763 - First Jewish synagogue dedicated on December 7 in Newport, Rhode Island
    • 1767 - Daniel Boone crosses the Cumberland Gap
    • 1767 - Spanish in New Spain
    • 1767 - the Townshend Acts place taxes on glass, painter's lead, paper, and tea on the colonists
    • 1768 - Samuel Adams distributes a circular letter to the Colonies asking for support in opposition to the Townshend Acts
    • 1768 - John Hancock's sloop "Liberty" gets in trouble with British customs
    • 1768 - treaties with Iroquois and Creek Indians extends the western frontier
    • 1769 - merchants begin an nonimportation movement on British goods
    • 1770 - a partial repeal of the Townshend Acts leave duties on tea
    • 1770 - British soldiers fire into a crowd on March 7 in Boston in an incident later called the Boston Massacre including Preston's Account
    • 1770 - Thomas Jefferson designs and builds his first house at Monticello
    • 1771 - North Carolina passes the "Bloody Act" to counter the Regulators on the western frontier
    • 1773 - a new Tea Act retains the duty on tea and gives the "East India Company a virtual monopoly on importation of tea to the colonies (1773),
    • colonies form committees of correspondence to share communication on British affairs
    • 1773 - East India Company tea ships lose tea into Boston Harbor at Boston Tea Party
    • 1773, December 16 - Boston Tea Party
    • 1774 - English Parliament passes the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) to punish Massachusetts until tea paid for
    • 1774 - Edenton "Tea Party" with 51 women pledging not to drink tea or wear Enlish manufactured clothing
    • 1774 - Quebec Act of 1774
    • 1774 - First Continental Congress in Philadelphia
    • 1774 - the First Continental Congress passes the Suffolk Resolve defying the Coercive Acts
    • 1774 - "The Minutemen" colonial militia are formed
    • 1774 - Thomas Paine emigrates to America
    • 1775 - Daniel Boone begins work on the Wilderness Roa
    • 1775 - Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Benjamin Rush form the first abolitionist society
    • 1775 - Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture the British fort at Ticonderoga
    • 1775 - Patrick Henry speaks before the Virginia convention
    • 1775 - Paul Revere and William Dawes' artist interpretation of the ride to alert patriots that British soldiers were on way to Concord to destroy arms
    • 1775 - the Second Continental Congress convenes and names George Washington as head of militia
    • 1775 - the battles of Lexington and Concord
    • 1775 - Battle of Bunker Hill [Breed's Hill, Charlestown, Massachusetts]
    • 1775 - Congress adopts the "Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms"
    • 1775 - Thomas Paine publishes an article supporting women's rights (1775),
    • 1775 - Virginia Governor Dunmore institutes martial law and tries to organize a loyalist army
    • 1775 - Congress establishes a Navy
    • 1775 - King George III issues a royal proclamation closing the American Colonies to trade and commerce
    • 1776 - New Hampshire adopts the first state Constitution
    • 1776 - Thomas Paine publishes "Common Sense"
    • 1776 - General Howe evacuates Boston
    • 1776 - the Continental Congress recommends disarming Loyalists and raids on British ships
    • 1776 - Louis XIV provides arms to the Americans
    • 1776 - North Carolina calls for independence from Britain
    • 1776 - France and Spain aid the Americans
    • Continental Congress authorizes each of the 13 colonies to form provincial governments
    • 1776 - British fleet is defeated at Charleston
    • 1776 - General Howe invades New York
    • 1776 - Howe wins over Washington at the Battle of Long Island
    • 1776 - Nathan Hale captured and hanged on Long Island
    • 1776 - Declaration of Independence drafted and signed
    • 1776 - Benedict Arnold defeated at Lake Champlain
    • 1776 - the Continental Congress flees Philadelphia to Baltimore
    • 1776 - General Washington crosses the Delaware River to defeat British at Trenton on Christmas Day
    • 1776 - Adam Smith publishes Wealth of Nations
    • 1777 - Washington establishes winter quarters in Morristown, NJ
    • 1777 - Congress returns to Philidelphia
    • 1777 - John Paul Jones appointed Captain of the Ranger
    • 1777 - 20 yr. old French Marquis de Lafayette helps Philidelphia
    • 1777 - a series of battles (Bennington, Brandywine, 1st Battle of Saratoga, Germantown) causes Congress to move often and culminates in a defeat of the British at the 2nd battle of Saratoga
    • 1777 - British General John Burgoyne marched south down the Hudson River from Canada to Albany in the summer. Along the way, some Some Iroquois Indian warriors marching with them began to kill American settlers indiscriminately. One of the victims was Jane McCrea.
    • 1777 - Congress endorses the Articles of Confederation
    • 1777 - San Jose is founded in California
    • 1777 - Washington's troops enter winter quarters at Valley Forge
    • 1777 - France officially recognizes independence of American colonies
    • 1778 - French/American treaties signed
    • 1778 - John Paul Jones does battle in English seas
    • 1778 - Henry Clinton replaces Howe as head of British Troops
    • 1778 - George Rogers Clark (1751-1818) secures territory on the western frontier at Cohokia
    • 1778 - Articles of Confederation signed
    • 1778 - Ben Franklin heads for France
    • 1778 - France declares war on Britain
    • 1779 - British capture and burn Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia
    • 1779 - as battles rage in the North and the South, Congress approves a peace plan and sends John Adams and John Jay to Europe to negotiate
    • 1779 - Washington camps for the winter at Morristown
    • 1779 - Spain declares war on England
    • 1780 - Charleston, N.C. falls to the British
    • 1780 - Benedict Arnold found to be a traitor
    • 1780 - Militia turn back the British at Kings Mountain, North Carolina
    • 1780 - Rev. War in Camden, SC - August 16, 1780
    • 1781 - Articles of Confederation activated
    • 1781 - Spanish fight the British in Florida and the western territories
    • 1781 - Americans win the Battle at Yorktown to end the war
    • 1782 - Treaty of Paris signed by Americans and British
    • Non-importation Act
    • 1783 - Treaty of Paris - October 4, 1783
    • 1783 - Congress formally declares the war ended
    • 1783 - many Northern States abolish slavery
    • 1784 - Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris
    • 1784 - Russians' first permanent settlement at Kodiak Island
    • 1785 - Thomas Jefferson becomes Minister to France
    • 1786 - Land Ordinance of 1785 passes Congress making land available in the territories
    • 1786 - Virginia adopts an ordinance of Religious Freedom
    • 1786 - Congress adopts a coinage system and establishes a mint as the post war depression deepens
    • 1787 - Shay's rebellion of debt-ridden farmers in Massachusetts fails
    • 1787 - Northwest Ordinance passes the Continental Congress
    • 1787 - Constitutional Convention opened and a new Constitution is sent to the States for ratification
    • 1787 - first steamboat built by John Fitch
    • 1788 - Federalist Papers are published as the States consider the new Constitution
    • 1789 - Constitution ratified
    • 1789 - first Congress convenes and George Washington is elected 1st President
    • 1789 - Henry Knox becomes head of the first War Department
    • 1789 - Jonn Jay becomes the first Chief Justice
    • 1789 - first 12 amendments to the Constitution submitted to Congress
    • 1789 - John Jacob Astor buys his first piece of land in New York
    • 1789 - the French Revolution begins with the fall of the Bastille
    • 1790 - Census Act, Naturalization Act and the Copyright Act are passed
    • 1790 - Ben Franklin dies
    • 1790 - Congress votes to build a new Capitol on the Potomac River
    • 1790 - in Rhode Island Samuel Slater opens a cotton mill, using child labor and a stolen process from Britain, signaling the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in America
    • 1791 - Vermont becomes the 14th State
    • 1791 - Congress frames the Bill of Rights
    • 1791 - Bank of the United States formed
    • 1791 - in Boston the first American historical society, The Massachusetts Historical Society, is formed
    • 1796 - Treaty of Greenville - Though Little Turtle (Miami) had won battles against General Josiah Harmar in 1790 and against General Arthur St. Clair in 1791, believing that his people were not equipped to win against the forces of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, he advised peace. Not listening, the tribe met a defeat at Fallen Timbers (1795) which led to the peace treaty the following year.
    • 1798 - The White Oak Society - fur trading re-enactments


Documents:

    The Constitution
    • Background - Constitution of the United States
    • text of Constitution
    • Delegates to the Convention: [CN | DL | GA | MD | MA| NH | NJ | NY| NC | PA | SC | VA | RI sent no representatives]

The Revolutionary War in the colonies:



NEW PUBLICATION AVAILABLE - From Caravels to the Constitution by Marjorie Duby
at Creative Teaching Press.

Content: Blackline masters - Using word searches, hidden messages, analogies, anagrams, and creative puzzles, students will learn about history while they apply critical-thinking skills. This resource provides students with opportunities to organize and analyze information and to draw conclusions. Extension activities promote practical, informative, narrative, and expository writing skills to help meet the standards. 112 pages [LW405 - From Caravels to the Constitution - $13.99]



As of December 4, 2003, you are visitor to look into American history.

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Last modified: August 30, 2014.
Copyright 1996 - Marjorie Duby. All rights reserved. Comments to Inquiry Unlimited *.

This website and its contents were compiled and arranged by Inquiry Unlimited using other websites, almanacs, and chronologies focusing on 18th century American history with the intent of providing online resources for elementary school children. Disclaimer: Inquiry Unlimited attempts to provide appropriate, informative educational links. We check and update links frequently. We cannot be responsible for the content, use of, or quality of materials on any website other than our own. To the best of our knowledge, graphics on this site are public domain. If you find otherwise, please notify us and we will remove them immediately.