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Literacy Native American Experiences in Literature


  1. Baker, Olaf. Where the Buffaloes Begin. New York: Troll, 1981. [Plains]
  2. Belting, Natalia. The Long-Tailed Bear and Other Indian Legends. New York: Bobbs Merrill, 1961. (96 pages) From American lore come these legends, explaining how the deer got his horns, why the beaver lives in a lodge, why the crane has long legs, and other stories.
  3. Bierhorst, John. The Fire Plume: Legends of the American Indians. New York: Dial, 1969. (90 ps.) After hearing the legend retold by the tribe's oldest member, Little Wolf hopes to someday witness the beginning of the buffaloes at the sacred lake.
  4. Brindze, Ruth. The Totem Pole. New York: Vanguard Press, 1951. (64 ps.)
  5. Chafetz, Henry. Thunderbird and Other Stories. New York: Pantheon, 1964. (41 ps.)
  6. Cleaver, Elizabeth. How Summer Came to Canada. New York: Henry Walck, 1969. (32 ps.) [Canada] A retelling of the legend in which Summer and Winter came to share the rule of Canada.
  7. Cohlene, Terri. Clamshell Boy: A Makah Legend. New Jersey: Watermill Press, 1990. (47 ps.) [Makah] Retells the legend of Clamshell Boy, who rescues a captured group of children from the dreaded wild woman Ishcus. Includes information on the customs and lifestyle of the Makah Indians.
  8. Cohlene, Terri. Dancing Drum: A Cherokee Legend. New Jersey: Watermill Press, 1990. (47 ps.) [Cherokee]
  9. Cohlene, Terri. Ka-ha-si and the Loon: An Eskimo Legend. Watermill, 1990. (47 ps.) [Eskimo]
  10. Cohlene, Terri. Little Firefly: An Algonquin Legend. New Jersey: Watermill, 1990. [Algonquin]
  11. Cohlene, Terri. Quillworker: A Cheyenne Legend. New Jersey: Watermill, 1990. (47 ps.) [Cheyenne] A Cheyenne legend explaining the origins of the stars. Also describes the history, culture, and fate of the Cheyenne Indians.
  12. Cohlene, Terri. Turquoise Boy: A Navajo Legend Mahwah, New Jersey: Watermill Press, 1990. (47 ps.) [Navajo] A retelling of a Navajo Indian legend in which Turquoise Boy searches for something that will make the Navajo people's lives easier. Includes a brief history of the Navajo people and their customs.
  13. Courlander, Harold. People of the Short Blue Corn: Tales and Legends of the Hopi Indians. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1970. (189 ps.) [Hopi]
  14. DePaola, Tomie. The Legend of the Bluebonnet: An Old Tale of Texas. New York: Putnam, 1983. (unp.) [Comanche] A retelling of the Comanche Indian legend of how a little girl's sacrifice brought the flower called bluebonnet to Texas.
  15. dePaola, Tomie. The Legend of the Indian Paintbrush. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1988. (40 ps.) [Plains] Little Gopher follows his destiny, as revealed in a Dream-Vision, of becoming an artist for his people and eventually is able to bring the colors of the sunset down to the earth.
  16. Goble, Paul. The Great Race of the Birds and Animals. New York: Macmillan, 1991. (unp.) [Cheyenne] A retelling of the Cheyenne and Sioux myth about the Great Race, a contest called by the Creator to settle the question of whether man or buffalo should have supremacy and thus become the guardians of Creation.
  17. Goble, Paul. Her Seven Brothers. New York: Bradbury Press, 1988. [Cheyenne]
  18. Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Boulder: A Plains Indian Story. New York: Orchard Books, 1988. (32 ps.) [Plains] Iktomi, a Plains Indian trickster, attempts to defeat a boulder with the assistance of some bats, in this story which explains why the Great Plains are covered with small stones.
  19. Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buffalo Skull: A Plains Indian Story. New York: Orchard Books, 1991. (unp) [Plains]
  20. Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buzzard: A Plains Indian Story. New York: Orchard Books, 1994. (unp.) [Plains]
  21. Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Coyote: A Plains Indian Story. NewYork: Orchard Books, 1998. (unp.) [Plains]
  22. Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Ducks: A Plains Indian Story. New York: Orchard Books, 1990. (32 ps.) [Plains] After outwitting some ducks, Iktomi, the Indian trickster, is outwitted by Coyote.
  23. Goble, Paul. Iktomi Loses His Eyes: A Plains Indian Story.. New York: Orchard Books, 1999. (unp.) [Plains]
  24. Goble, Paul. Legend of the White Buffalo Woman. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2002.
  25. Goble, Papul. The Lost Children: The Boys Who Were Neglected. New York: Bradbury Press, 1993. (63 ps.)
  26. Goble, Paul. Star Boy. New York: Bradbury Press, 1983. (32 ps.) [Blackfoot]
  27. Goble, Paul. The Gift of the Sacred Dog. New York: Bradbury Press, 1980. (unp) [Plains]
  28. Goble, Paul. The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses. New York: Bradbury, 1978. (unp) [Plains]
  29. Goble, Paul. The Lost Children. New York: Bradbury Press, 1993. [Blackfoot]
  30. Goble, Paul. Love Flute. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks, 1997. (32 ps.) A gift to a shy young man from the birds and animals helps him to express his love to a beautiful girl.
  31. Goble, Paul. Mystic Horse. New York: Harper Collins, 2003. (unp.)
  32. Goble, Paul. Remaking the Earth; A Creation Story from the Great Plains of North America. New York: Orchard Books, 1996. (unp.)
  33. Goble, Paul. The Return of the Buffaloes: A Plains Indian Story About Famine and Renewal of the Earth. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1996. (unp.)
  34. Goble, Paul. Song of Creation.. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Books for Young Readers, 2004. (unp.)
  35. Goble, Paul. Storm Maker's Tipi. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2001. (34 ps.)
  36. Hodges, Margaret. The Fire Bringer: A Paiute Indian Legend. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972. (31 ps.) [Paiute]
  37. Matson, Emerson. Longhouse Legends. New York: Thomas Nelson, 1968. (128 ps.) [Pacific Northwest Indians] Thirteen legends of the Pacific Northwest Indians collected to preserve their vanishing culture.
  38. Norman, Howard A. The Girl Who Dreamed Only Geese, and Other Tales of the Far North. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1997. (147 ps.)
  39. Norman, Howard A. How Glooskap Outwits the Ice Giants and Other Tales of the Maritime Indians. Boston: Little Brown, 1989. (60 ps.) [Maritime]
  40. Norman, Howard A. Trickster and the Fainting Birds. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1999. (82 ps.)
  41. Norman, Howard A. Who-Paddled-Backward-With-Trout. Boston: Joy Street Books, 1987. (32 ps.) [Cree] A young Cree Indian boy, Trout-with-Flattened-Nose, is not fond of his given name and seeks to earn a new one that is more flattering.
  42. Oughton, Jerrie. How the Stars Fell into the Sky: A Navajo Legend. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. (28 ps.) [Navajo]
  43. Oughton, Jerrie. The Magic Weaver of Rugs: A Tale of the Navajo. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994. (32 ps.) [Navajo]
  44. Raskin, Edith and Joseph. Indian Tales. New York: Random House, 1969. (63 ps.) [Iroquois] Ten Iroquois Indian tales include "How the Bear Lost Its Tail," "How the Chipmunk Got Its Stripes," and "Why Animals Do Not Talk."
  45. Riordan, James. An Illustrated Treasury of Myths and Legends. New York: Peter Bedrick Books, 1991. [Chippewa]
  46. Shetterly, Susan Hand. Raven's Light: A Myth from the People of the Northwest Coast. New York: Atheneum, 1991. (32 ps.) [Northwest]
  47. Sleator, William. The Angry Moon. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970. (48 pages)
  48. Van Laan, Nancy. Rainbow Crow: A Lenape Tale. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1989. (36 ps.) [Lenape] When the weather changes and the ever-falling snow threatens to engulf all the animals, it is Crow who flies up to receive the gift of fire from the Great Sky Spirit.
  49. Yellow Robe, Rosebud. Tonweya and the Eagles, and other Lakota Indian Tales. New York: Dial, 1979. (118 ps) [Lakota]


  1. Aaseng, Nathan. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia: The Forced Removal of a People. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 2000. (96 ps.) Describes the attempts to protect the rights of Cherokees living in Georgia beginning in the colonial period, including the landmark Supreme Court cases, Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia, and Worcester vs. Georgia.
  2. Ashabranner, Brent. A Strange and Distant Shore: Indians of the Great Plains in Exile. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1996. (54 ps.)
  3. Bond, Fred G. Flatboating on the Yellowstone, 1877. Staten Island, NY: Ward Hill Press, 1998. (61 ps.) First person account of a Fred G. Bond, a flatboat pilot that relocated the older and weaker Nez Perce prisoners in 1877 from their ancestral home in Oregon to the Indian Territory down the Yellowstone River.
  4. Byars, Ann. The Trail of Tears: A Primary Source History of the Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2004. Includes primary source transcriptions.
  5. Dell, Pamela. Wilma Mankiller: Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Compass Point Books, 2006. (112 ps.) The Trail of Tears -- A Cherokee childhood -- Empty promises -- Finding her cause -- Return to tribal land -- A brush with death -- Chief of a nation -- Trials of the body -- A phoenix rising.
  6. Doss, Michael. Plenty Coups. New York: Raintree Steck-Vaughn, 1990. [Crow]
  7. Fitzpatrick, Marie-Louise. The Long March: The Choctaw's Gift to Irish Famine Relief. Berkeley, CA: Tricycle Press, 2001. (unp)
  8. Fleischer, Jane. Pontiac: Chief of the Ottawas. New Jersey: Troll, 1979. [Ottawas]
  9. Freedman, Russell. Indian Chiefs. NY: Holiday House, 1987. (151 pages)
  10. Hays, Wilma and R. Vernon. Foods The Indians Gave Us. New York: Ives Washburn,1973.(113ps)
  11. Highwater, Jamake. Anpao, An American Indian Odyssey. New York: Scholastic, 1977 (Biblio) (252 ps) Traditional tales from North American Indian tribes woven into one story that relates the adventures of one boy as he grows to manhood.
  12. Hofsinde, Robert (Gray-Wolf). The Indian's Secret World. New York: Morrow, 1955. (96 ps.)
  13. Hoyt-Goldsmith, Diane. Pueblo Storyteller. New York: Scholastic, 1991. (Index, glossary)(26 ps)[Pueblo]
  14. Jeffredo-Warden, Louise. Ishi. New York: Raintree Steck-Vaughn, 1993. [Yahi] When the Yahi tribe is virtually starved out of existence by the white man's cutting off its food supply, one survivor, Ishi, is discovered and taken to a California museum at Berkeley, where he is given a job and engages in a cultural exchange with his new friends.
  15. Lepthien, Emilie. The Cherokee. Chicago, Illinois: Children's Press, 1985. (45 pages) (Includes an index) [Cherokee]
  16. Lepthien, Emilie. The Seminole. Chicago, Illinois: Children's Press, 1985. (45 ps) (Includes an index) [Seminole]
  17. Mancini, Richard. Indians of the Southeast. New York: Benford Books, 1992. (96 ps.) (Index)
  18. Roop, Peter and Connie. Ahyoka and the Talking Leaves. New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1992. (60 ps.)(Biblio) [Cherokee]
  19. Salas, Laura Purdie. The Trail of Tears, 1838. Mankato, Minnesota: Bridgestone Books, 2003. (48 ps.) Discusses events leading up to the removal of the Cherokee from their homelands, hardships faced on the Trail of Tears, challenges of the new territory in Oklahoma, and the Cherokee nation today.
  20. Siegel, Beatrice. Indians of the Woodland Before and After the Pilgrims. New York: Walker & Company, 1972. [Northeast]
  21. Stein, Conrad R. The Story of the Little Bighorn. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1983. (30 ps.) [Cheyenne/Sioux] Describes the bloody battle known as "Custer's last stand," in which an army of Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull fought off an attack by the United States cavalry, leaving no survivors among the soldiers in Custer's command.
  22. Stein, Conrad R. The Trail of Tears. Chicago: Childrens Press [Cherokee]
  23. Stewart, Mark. The Indian Removal Act: Forced Relocation. Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2007. (96 ps.) Profiles the "Trail of Tears," the forced removal of five Southeastern Native American tribes to land west of the Mississippi River during the winter of 1838 and 1839.
  24. Torr, James D. Indigenous Peoples of North America: Primary Sources. San Diego: CA: Lucent Books, 2002.
  25. Van Steenwyk, Elizabeth. Seneca Chief, Army General: A Story about Ely Parker. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 2001. (64 ps.)
  26. Viola, Herman J. It Is A Good Day to Die: Indian Eyewitnesses Tell the Story of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. New York: Crown, 1998. (101 ps.)
  27. Walker, Paul Robert. Remember Little Bighorn: Indians Soldiers, and Scouts Tell Their Stories. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2006. (61 ps.)
  28. Weber, EdNah New Rider. Rattlesnake Mesa: Stories from a Native American Childhood. New York: Lee & Low Books, 2004. (132 ps.) [Pawnee] [Phoenix Indian School]
  29. Wilson, Mike. Broken Promises: The U.S. Government and Native Americans in the 19th Century. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers, 2003.
  30. Yazzie, Evangeline Parsons. Dzani Yazhi Naazbaa: Little Woman Warrior Who Came Home: A Story of the Navajo Long Walk. Flagstaff, AZ: Salina Bookshelf, 2005. (unp.)


  1. Armstrong, Nancy M. Navajo Long Walk. New York: Scholastic, 1996. (120 ps.) A young Navajo boy recounts the story of the forced internment of his tribe at Fort Sumner, and their subsequent return to their homeland.
  2. Banks, Sara. Remember My Name. New York: Scholastic, 1993. (119 ps.) Eleven-year-old Annie Rising Fawn Stuart is sent to live with her uncle, a wealthy Cherokee plantation owner in Georgia, where she befriends a young slave girl and is caught up in the tragic events surrounding the forced Indian removal in 1838.
  3. Bruchac, Joseph. Children of the Longhouse. New York: Puffin Books, 1996. Eleven-year-old Ohkwa'ri and his twin sister must make peace with a hostile gang of older boys in their Mohawk village during the late 1400s.
  4. Bruchac, Joseph. Dog People: Native Dog Stories. Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum Pub., 1995. (63 ps.) A series of stories set in the northern New England ten thousand years ago, about the special relationship between the Abenaki people and the dogs who were their faithful friends.
  5. Bruchac, Joseph. Eagle Song. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1997. (80 ps.)
  6. Bruchac, Joseph. The Story of the Milky Way: A Cherokee Tale. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1995. (unp)
  7. Bruchac, Joseph. The Winter People. New York: Dial Books, 2002. As the French and Indian War rages in October of 1759, Saxso, a fourteen-year-old Abenaki boy, pursues the English rangers who have attacked his village and taken his mother and sisters hostage.
  8. Byers, Ann. The Trail of Tears : A primary source history of the forced relocation of the Cherokee Nation. New York: Rosen Pub., 2004. (64 ps.)
  9. Coerr, Eleanor. The Bell Ringer and the Pirates. New York: Harper & Row, 1983. (64 ps.) An Indian boy rings the Mission bells to warn of danger and signal safety when pirates attack.
  10. Cornelissen, Cornelia. Soft Rain: A Story of the Cherokee Trail of Tears. New York: Delacorte Press, 1998. (115 ps.)
  11. Goble, Paul. Brave Eagle's Account of the Fetterman Fight, 21 December 1866. New York: Pantheon Books, 1972. [Plains] An account from the Indian point of view of the events of the worst defeat the United States Army suffered at the hands of the Indians.
  12. Goble, Paul. Buffalo Woman. Scarsdate, NY: Bradbury Press, 1984. [Plains] A young hunter marries a female buffalo in the form of a beautiful maiden, but when his people reject her he must pass several tests before being allowed to join the buffalo nation.
  13. Goble, Paul. Crow Chief: A Plains Indian Story. New York: Orchard Books, 1992. (unp.)
  14. Goble, Paul. Death of the Iron Horse. New York: Bradbury Press, 1987. (32 ps.)
  15. Goble, Paul. The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses. Scarsdale, New York: Bradbury Press, 1978. (32 ps.) [Plains] Though she is fond of her people, a girl prefers to live among the wild horses where she is truly happy and free.
  16. Goble, Paul. Lone Bull's Horse Raid. New York: Macmillan, 1973. (63 ps.) Two young Sioux join in a raiding party to capture horses from some neighboring Crows.
  17. Goble, Paul. Red Hawk's Account of Custer's Last Battle: The Battle of the Little Bighorn, 25 June 1876. Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1992. (59 ps) [Cheyenne/Sioux] Custer's last stand at the Little Bighorn is described as it might have been witnessed by one of the Indians participating in the battle.
  18. Harrell, Beatrice Orcutt. Longwalker's Journey: A Novel of the Choctaw Trail of Tears. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1999. (133 ps.) When the government removes their tribe from their sacred homeland in 1831, ten-year-old Minko and his father endure terrible hardships on their journey from Mississippi to Oklahoma, where Minko receives the name Longwalker.
  19. Hoobler, Dorothy. The Trail on Which They Wept: The Story of a Cherokee Girl. Morristown NJ: Silver Burdett Press, 1992. (57 ps.) A young motherless boy in the Siksika tribe of Blackfeet Indians is present when his people see horses for the first time and are changed forever.
  20. Hudson, Jan. Sweetgrass. New York: Scholastic, 1984. (159 ps.)
  21. Hunter, Sara Hoagland. The Unbreakable Code. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Pub., 1996. (unp.) Navajo code breakers of World War II.
  22. Joseph, Chief. Chief Joseph's Own Story. Billings: Montana Indian Publications, 1972. (31 ps.)
  23. Krupinski, Loretta. Best Friends. New York: Hyperion Books for Children, 1998. (unp.) When a settler's young daughter learns that soldiers will force the Nez Percˇ off the nearby land, she uses a doll to warn her Indian friend of the impending danger.
  24. Kudlinski, Kathleen. Night Bird: A Story of the Seminole Indians. New York: Viking, 1993. (54 ps.)
  25. Malcolm, Jahnna. Spirit of the West : the story of an Appaloosa mare, her precious foal, and the girl whose pride endangers them all. New York: Scholastic, 1996. (122 ps.)
  26. Matthaei, Gay. The Ledgerbook of Thomas Blue Eagle. Charlottesville, VA: Thomasson-Grant, 1994. (72 ps.) The fictional account of a young Sioux Indian, describing his childhood on the plains and his experiences at the Carlisle School, where he is sent to learn the ways of the white world.
  27. McKissack, Pat. Run Away Home. New York: Scholastic, 1998. (160 ps.) n 1886 in Alabama, an eleven-year-old African American girl and her family befriend and give refuge to a runaway Apache boy.
  28. Medearis, Angela Shelf. Dancing with the Indians. New York: Scholastic, Inc., 1991. (32 ps.) While attending a Seminole Indian celebration, a black family watches and joins in several exciting dances.
  29. Miller, Montzalee. My Grandmother's Cookie Jar. Los Angeles, CA: Price Stern Sloan, 1987. (30 ps.) Grandma passes on the stories of her Indian people to her grandchild as they eat cookies together from the cookie jar shaped like an Indian head.
  30. Morris, Ann. Grandma Maxine Remembers: A Native American Family Story. Brookfield, Connecticut: Millbrook Press, 2002. (31 ps.) A Shoshone grandmother relates family and cultural history to her granddaughter as they share their daily tasks on the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming. Includes a recipe, craft, and activities.
  31. O'Dell, Scott. Black Star, Bright Dawn. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988. (134 ps.)
  32. O'Dell, Scott. Sing Down the Moon. New York: Yearling Books, 1997. (124 ps.) A young Navajo girl recounts the events of 1864 when her tribe was forced to march to Fort Sumner as prisoners of the white soldiers.
  33. O'Dell, Scott. Streams to the River, River to the Sea: A Novel of Sacagawea. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986. (191 ps.)
  34. O'Dell, Scott and Hall, Elizabeth. Thunder Rolling in the Mountains. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. (128 ps.) In the late nineteenth century, a young Nez Percˇ girl relates how her people were driven off their land by the U.S. Army and forced to retreat north until their eventual surrender.
  35. Perdue, Theda. The Cherokee Removal: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford Books of St. MartinÕs Press, 1995. (185 ps.)
  36. Price, Joan. Truth is a Bright Star. Berkeley, California: Tricycle Press, 1982.
  37. Rockwood, Joyce. Groundhog's Horse. New York: Hold, Rinehart, and Winston, 1978. (115 ps.) An eleven-year-old Cherokee sets off on a one-boy raid of a Creek town to rescue his "unusual" horse.
  38. Rockwood, Joyce. To Spoil the Sun. New York: Henry Holt, 2003. (180 ps.) Omens forewarn Rain Dove and the other Cherokee Indians who live in Mulberry Town, a sixteenth-century village in the southern Appalachians, of the disease and upheaval that will come upon them following the arrival of Spanish explorers.
  39. Roop, Peter and Connie. Ahyoka and the Talking Leaves. New York: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books, 1992. (60 ps.)
  40. Roop, Peter. Sacagawea: Girl of the Shining Mountains. New York: Hyperion Paperbacks for Children, 2003. (178 ps.) A brief fictional biography of Sacagawea, the Shoshoni woman who accompanied explorers Lewis and Clark on their expedition in the early 1800s.
  41. Shaw, Janet Beeler. Changes for Kaya: A Story of Courage. Middleton, Wis.: American Girl, 2002. (70 ps)
  42. Schultz, Jan Neubert. Battle Cry. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, 2006. (240 ps.) In 1862, two best friends, one white and one half Dakota Indian, find themselves involved in a bloody war when when the Dakotas, fed up with being mistreated by the federal government and local citizens, erupt with violence.
  43. Siegelson, Kim. Escape South. New York: Golden Books, 2000. (73 ps.) Ben and his family escape from their slave-owner and go to Florida, where they join other black families who are living with the Seminole Indians and help them fight to keep their lands
  44. Simmons, Marc. Millie Cooper's Ride: A True Story from History. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2002. (56 ps.) During the War of 1812, when settlers at Fort Cooper, Missouri, are besieged by a coalition of Indian nations allied with the British, twelve-year-old Millie volunteers to ride to nearby Fort Hempstead for reinforcements.
  45. Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. Betrayed. New York: Holiday House, 1974. (125 ps.) Relates the events of the Santee Indian raid on the Lake Shetek, Minnesota, settlement and the subsequent fate of the captives.
  46. Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. Bad River Boys: A Meeting of the Lakota Sioux with Lewis and Clark. New York: Holiday House, 2005. (unp.) A group of young Dakota Indians encounters members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
  47. Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. When Thunders Spoke. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1994. (93 ps.) After a fifteen-year-old Sioux finds a sacred stick, unusual things begin to happen to his family.
  48. Speare, Elizabeth George. The Sign of the Beaver. New York: Dell Publishing, 1984. (135 ps.) Left alone to guard the family's wilderness home in eighteenth-century Maine while his father returns to Massachusetts to get the entire family, a boy is hard-pressed to survive until local Indians teach him their skills.
  49. Steele, William O. Flaming Arrows. Orlando: Harcourt, 2004. (146 ps.) When Chad and his family flee to a fort in the Tennessee wilderness to escape an attack by Chickamauga Indians, the presence of the family of a white renegade who joined the Indians causes additional tensions.
  50. Stroud, Virginia. Doesn't Fall Off His Horse. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1994. (unp.) Saygee's great-grandfather tells her the story of how he got his name, Doesn't Fall Off His Horse.
  51. Stroud, Virginia. A Walk to the Great Mystery. New York: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1995. (unp.) While exploring the woods with their grandmother, a Cherokee medicine woman, two children learn about the spirit of life that is all around them and within them as well.
  52. Thomasma, Kenneth. Naya Nuki, Girl Who Ran. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1983. (131 ps.) After being taken prisoner by an enemy tribe, a Shoshoni girl escapes and makes a thousand-mile journey through the wilderness in search of her own people.
  53. Yolen, Jane. Sky Dogs. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1995. (25 ps.) A young motherless boy in the Siksika tribe of Blackfeet Indians is present when his people see horses for the first time and are changed forever.


  1. Holm, Tom. Code Talkers and Warriors: Native Americans and World War II. New York: Chelsea House, 2007.
  2. Moquin, Wayne and Van Doren, Charles. Great Documents in American Indian History. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1973. History of Native Americans in their words.
  3. Nash, Gary B. Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1982.
  4. Snapp, J. Russell. John Stuart and the Struggle for Empire on the Southern Frontier. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.
  5. Weatherford, Jack. Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America. New York: Crown Publishers, 1991. (tree; hunting; fur trade; Indian slave trade; fishing; corn, cotton, and tobacco)
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